Populist factions that aim to protect against endemic risks may well be a necessary condition for collectivist hate to emerge, I stated somewhere. A few concepts are taken for granted here. For instance factions and endemic risks.
Factions are small organized dissenting groups within a larger one, especially in politics. Factions are endemic to the larger group.
Endemic risks are those risks that threaten to hurt the larger group, and are often presented as insidious. Douglas shows how such risks are often crafted by and for factions in order to take over control.
Current brawls between democrats and republicans on their ways to the November elections rely on wielding arguments about endemic risks in the public debate. As this debate has lost its realistic footing since Trump took office as USA president, someone who wishes to model such debates has to look for earlier social science.